True knowledge and inaccurate knowledge

Here we will explore the first two of the vrittis – pramana and viparyaya. The definitions “right or accurate knowledge” and “wrong or inaccurate knowledge” do not really do justice to the words pramana and viparyaya, but there is no equivalent in English. Patanjali elaborates on these definitions in the Yoga Sutras. PRAMANA 1.7 Pratyaksha anumana agamah pramanani There are three ways of gaining true knowledge: by direct perception, by deduction and inference, and by the words of those awakened ones who have knowledge. True knowledge, pramana, emanates from purity and stillness,......

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